Protecting the Neighorhood: Safety through Design
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The built environment can be designed to help protect innocent people from being victims of crimes. My thesis will investigate how the development of the urban form influences a community's susceptibility to acts of crime. I acknowledge, however, that the form of the built environment is only one aspect of crime prevention and will have limited results if not combined with a greater strategy that addresses the social, economic and political issues of the area. My thesis will test the integration of Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) principles - access, surveillance, and territorial reinforcement - into the design process and create a set of guidelines that can be used as a baseline for other neighborhoods facing these problems. Three different urban conditions - open space, the commercial realm and the residential realm - in the Baltimore neighborhood of Upton, have been used as examples of the application of the CPTED principles.