INVESTIGATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY OF THE UBIQUITOME AND PROTEIN CARGO OF EXOSOMES DERIVED FROM MYELOID-DERIVED SUPPRESSOR CELLS
Adams, Katherine R.
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Exosomes released by myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are 30 nm in diameter extracellular vesicles that have been shown to carry biologically active proteins as well as ubiquitin molecules. Ubiquitin is known to have many functions, including involvement in the formation of exosomes, although the exact role is highly contested. In the study reported here, the proteome and ubiquitome of MDSC exosomes has been investigated by bottom-up proteomics techniques. This report identifies more than 1000 proteins contained in the MDSC exosome cargo and 489 sites of ubiquitination in more than 300 ubiquitinated proteins based on recognition of glycinylglycine tagged peptides without antibody enrichment. This has allowed extensive chemical and biological characterization of the ubiquitinated cohort compared to that of the entire protein cargo to support hypotheses on the role of ubiquitin in exosomes.