DIFFERENCES IN PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AMONG SUBSTANCE USERS IN RESIDENTIAL TREATMENT RELATED TO HIV STATUS
Seitz-Brown, Christopher Jonathan
Lejuez, Carl W
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HIV-positive individuals engage in substance use at higher rates than the general population and are more likely to also suffer from concurrent psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders. Despite this, little is known about the unique clinical concerns of HIV-positive individuals entering substance use treatment. This study examined the clinical characteristics of clients (N=1712) entering residential substance use treatment as a function of self-reported HIV status (8.65% HIV-positive). Results showed higher levels of concurrent substance use and psychiatric disorders for HIV-positive individuals, who were also significantly more likely to meet criteria for bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder. Past diagnoses of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and social phobia were also significantly more common. Study findings indicate a need to provide more intensive care for HIV-positive individuals, including resources targeted at concurrent psychiatric problems, to ensure positive treatment outcomes following residential substance use treatment discharge.