Gasification and Combustion of Large Char Particles and Tar
Gupta, Ashwani K
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Although diffusion is known to play an important role for gasification and combustion of large char particles, their effects on conversion rates, kinetic parameters and other relevant factors have not been thoroughly analyzed. Similarly, tar reduction is not yet well understood. Central to these challenges is the shortage of experimental data for reduction of tar and large char particles. Likewise, analytical models for reduction processes have not been systematically examined. In this study, large char particles between 1.5 to 7 mm are gasified and combusted non-isothermally with initial temperatures up to 1000 degree celcius using various oxidants. Tar is also reduced with steam and vitiated air continuously and non-isothermally. In the absence of mathematical tools for large particle reduction analysis, models are proposed and derived in this study. Carbon and large near-spherically or irregularly shaped particles are modeled as large disk-shaped and spherically-shaped particles, respectively. One-film ash segregated core and random pore models are explored to analyze char reduction data and these are found to provide consistent and inconsistent results, respectively. Thiele analysis is also used and it indicates that less porous particles are consumed more externally at the surface than internally. For C + O2⇒ CO2 reductions, disk-shaped particles ignite when reactor temperature reaches 584 degree and these processes are purely kinetic controlled for 1.5 mm thick samples. Reduction of spherically-shaped particles shows that O2 enrichment as compared to a 50 degree celcius rise in reactor temperature substantially improves conversion. Oxygen enrichment with steam also significantly increases conversion of 5.5 mm thick disk-shaped particle up to 600 % under identical reactor conditions. For C + CO2⇒2CO reductions, conversion rates increased five-fold when reactor temperature is increased from 850 to 1000 degree Celsius. Increasing initial reactor temperatures and O2 enrichment provide an increase in char reactivity, diffusional rate, conversion, reduction rate and surface temperature. Most of the large particle reductions investigated here operate near kinetic-diffusion controlled regime. Calculated total energy released during combustion is within the range of Dulong’s empirical formula. At higher tar concentrations, CO and H2 production moderately increase between 814 to 875 degree celsius.