ESTABLISHING LINK BETWEEN TRANSLATIONAL RECODING AND HUMAN DISEASE
Advani, Vivek Manoharlal
Dinman, Jonathan D
MetadataShow full item record
Gene expression can be controlled at the level of mRNA stability, and prior studies from our laboratory have explained how Programmed -1 Ribosomal Frameshifting (-1 PRF) fits within this paradigm. Computational analyses suggest that 10-15% of eukaryotic mRNAs contain at least one potential -1 PRF signal. The overwhelming majority of predicted "genomic" -1 PRF events are predicted to direct translating ribosomes to premature termination codons. We have demonstrated that these can function as mRNA destabilizing elements through the Nonsense-Mediated mRNA Decay (NMD) pathway. In published work we have explored the biological significance of the connection between -1 PRF and NMD on telomere maintenance in yeast. More recently we extended this line of inquiry to human cells, demonstrating that a sequence element in the mRNA encoding Ccr5p harbors a -1 PRF signal which functions as an mRNA destabilizing element through NMD. In the current work we are exploring the link between global changes in -1 PRF rates and human health using yeast and human cell-based models of two diseases, X-linked Dyskeratosis Congenita (X-DC) and Spinocerebellar ataxia 26 family (SCA26) as models. Preliminary findings suggest these genetically inherited defects result in translational fidelity defects (i.e. changes in rates of -1 PRF, +1 PRF, and stop codon recognition), with attendant effects on mRNA abundance, gene expression and telomere maintenance. These studies establish a paradigm for understanding the linkage between translational fidelity and human disease.