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Morphology in Urbanized Streams of the Puget Sound Lowland Region
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The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects of urbanization on channel morphology. Three hypotheses are tested: 1) Channel morphology measured from one cross section is not similar to reach-averaged values, 2) Channel shear stress ratios and erosivity increase with urbanization, and 3) Channel morphological complexity decreases with urbanization increases. Results indicate that single cross-section data do not adequately describe channel morphology. Shear stress and bed mobility did not increase with urbanization, perhaps due to the presence of large bed grain sizes that adjust to increases in flow. Similarly, channel complexity did not decrease with increased urbanization. These data indicate that channel changes resulting from urbanization are influenced by sediment supply as well as discharge, and that this should be taken into consideration in restoration design.