Lightfield Analysis and Its Applications in Adaptive Optics and Surveillance Systems
Eslami, Mohammed Ali
Davis, Christopher C
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An image can only be as good as the optics of a camera or any other imaging system allows it to be. An imaging system is merely a transformation that takes a 3D world coordinate to a 2D image plane. This can be done through both linear/non-linear transfer functions. Depending on the application at hand it is easier to use some models of imaging systems over the others in certain situations. The most well-known models are the 1) Pinhole model, 2) Thin Lens Model and 3) Thick lens model for optical systems. Using light-field analysis the connection through these different models is described. A novel figure of merit is presented on using one optical model over the other for certain applications. After analyzing these optical systems, their applications in plenoptic cameras for adaptive optics applications are introduced. A new technique to use a plenoptic camera to extract information about a localized distorted planar wave front is described. CODEV simulations conducted in this thesis show that its performance is comparable to those of a Shack-Hartmann sensor and that they can potentially increase the dynamic range of angles that can be extracted assuming a paraxial imaging system. As a final application, a novel dual PTZ-surveillance system to track a target through space is presented. 22X optic zoom lenses on high resolution pan/tilt platforms recalibrate a master-slave relationship based on encoder readouts rather than complicated image processing algorithms for real-time target tracking. As the target moves out of a region of interest in the master camera, it is moved to force the target back into the region of interest. Once the master camera is moved, a precalibrated lookup table is interpolated to compute the relationship between the master/slave cameras. The homography that relates the pixels of the master camera to the pan/tilt settings of the slave camera then continue to follow the planar trajectories of targets as they move through space at high accuracies.